Causes & Treatment of Finger, Hand, and Wrist Problems for a Non-injury
Sometimes, people feel that they have problems with their hand, finger or wrist even if no injury has happened on it. Sometimes, it is the daily use that causes a wear and tear of a few parts of our body including the hand, finger and wrist.
The hands and fingers can be considered as the most useful parts of the body for we do almost everything using them. This is the reason why they are vulnerable to getting hurt such as being burned or feeling sore, stiff, numb, sting, tingly, hot, or cold. Sometimes, we can’t move them because they are swollen. Other times, they may have changed color and turned pale, red, or blue.
Whatever the problem is, it is best to learn more about the type of issue that your hands, fingers or wrists experience. Most of them can be treated at home while others may be complicated and you need to consult a doctor.
For issues with the hand, finger or wrist that are not caused by injury, here are a few causes that you need to know to prevent them.
Causes of Numbness and Pain in the Hands, Fingers or Wrist
Among the common causes for hand numbness are damage, irritation or compression of the nerves in the arm and wrist. Another cause could be diseases that affect the peripheral nerves. Diabetes is one of them and it can cause numbness in the hands but oftentimes, numbness occurs first at the feet before it gets to the hands.
Those who have problems with their brain or spinal cord can also experience numbness in their hand. However, in cases like these, there may also be a loss of function that goes with the arm or hand weakness.
Here are other causes of problems with hand, finger or wrists:
- Carpal tunnel syndrome. There is pressure on a median nerve in the wrist and symptoms include numbness, tingling, weakness or pain of the hand and fingers.
- De Quervain’s disease. This occurs in the hand and wrist as a result of the swelling of the tendons and their covering on the thumb side of the wrist.
- Tendon pain. A sign that one has tendinosis, tendon pain is a series of microtears in the tissue or around the tendon. The tendon injury causes pain, tenderness, decreased strength and limited movement in the affected area.
- Repetitive motion syndrome. The hands, fingers and wrists experience pain, swelling or tenderness when one repeats the same movement over and over.
- Trigger finger/thumb. There is a thickening or swelling of the flexor tendon and its covering in a finger or thumb.
- Writer’s cramps. This is what writers and typists have to be careful of. When there is too much movement due to the nature of this job or task, they might develop writer’s cramps due to repetition of the movement.
- Ganglion cysts. When you feel bumps on your hands and wrists you might have these cysts filled with clear, jellylike fluid. They are not limited to hands and wrists though, as they can also develop on other parts of the body such as knees, shoulders or ankles.
- Dupuytren’s disease. There is an irregular thickening of tissue beneath the skin in the hands and sometimes, on the soles of the feet. When they develop, they may hinder unlimited movement because they deform the fingers making them bend and hard to straighten.
The numbness, pain or tingling of hands, wrists or fingers may be reduced or treated by the following depending on its severity:
- Self-care/home treatment. Avoid activities that cause the problem. Sometimes, there might be a need to wear wrist splint.
- Physical therapy. These are activities such as stretching, ultrasound, exercises and the like.
- Medicines. Doctors may prescribe medicines to relieve the pain and reduce inflammation. Others with carpal tunnel may have to take some oral corticosteroids or injections.
- Surgery. If the problem is severe, there is a need for a surgery. Cases like this include a long-time carpal tunnel syndrome, or nerve damage.
- Chiropractic Care. Chiropractors have been legalized in most countries in the world and some of them have specialized or have experiences dealing with hand related problems. Their doctors are trained to treat hand, and even foot healthcare needs. They can diagnose and implement the best treatment as many have testified that chiropractic has greatly improved their lives with the way they have relieved the pain and worked on the root source of the ailment. Many have experienced its wonders and have gone to chiropractors for this types of issues.
If you are in Jacksonville, FL, you might want to check out Meridian Integrative Wellness. Their chiropractors are experts in problems affecting the hands, wrists and fingers as well as related issues in other parts of the body. Visit its website now and get a free consultation.